The Maritime Labour Convention 2006 (MLC) is an international agreement of the International Labour Organisation (‘ILO’) which sets out seafarers’ rights to decent conditions of work. It is sometimes called the ‘Seafarers’ Bill of Rights’. It applies to all seafarers, including those with jobs in hotel and other passenger services on cruise ships and commercial yachts.
As of January 2019, a total of 90 countries had ratified the MLC 2006, which has resulted in more than 91% of the world’s shipping fleet being regulated by this convention.
HIGHLIGHTS OF MLC 2006
- Minimum Working Living Conditions
- Safe and Secure WorkPlace
- Fair Term of Employments
- Health protection
- Welfare measures
- No Child Labor
A second set of amendments to the Maritime Labour Convention (MLC) for improving crew safety and welfare came into force on 8 January 2019.
- Account is to be taken of the latest version of the guidance on eliminating shipboard harassment and bullying, jointly published by the International Chamber of Shipping (ICS) and the International Transport Workers’ Federation (ITF).
- In addition to the various health and safety matters which the MLC requires should be taken into account, there is added ‘harassment and bullying‘.
- To the list of matters which should be considered for investigation in a health and safety context, there is added ‘problems arising from harassment and bullying‘.
Bullying and harassment, including sexual harassment, is an abuse of human rights and living on a ship offers limited alternatives to avoid it. Although these changes are non-mandatory, flag states must give due consideration to implementing them.
Eurocert S A has been doing MLC audits for recruiting companies and Shipping companies against compliance of MLC